The demographics of Bronx are characterized by a Hispanic majority (unique among New York City's boroughs) and by the lowest percentage of Whites among all boroughs.
At the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 1,385,108 people residing in Bronx, an increase of 3.9% since 2000. The U.S. Census considers Bronx to be the most diverse area in the country. There is an 89.7% chance that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different race or ethnicity.
|Black or African American||43.3%||37.3%||24.3%||01.7%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||54.6%||43.5%||27.7%||n/a|
The Census Bureau considers Bronx to be the most diverse area in the country. There is an 89.7 percent chance that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different race or ethnicity. The borough's most populous racial group, white, declined from 98.3% in 1940 to 45.8% in 2013. The borough's formerly most populous ethnic group, white, declined from 98.3% in 1940 to 45.8% by 2012.
31.7% of the population were foreign born and another 8.9% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parents. 55.6% spoke a language other than English at home and 16.4% had a bachelor's degree or higher.
Approximately 44.3% of the population over the age of 5 speak only English at home, which is roughly 570,000 people. The majority (55.7%) of the population speak non-English languages at home. Over 580,600 people (45.2% of the population) speak Spanish at home.
Demographics from the 2010 Census
According to the 2010 Census, 10.9% of the population was non-Hispanic White, 30.1% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 3.4% non-Hispanic Asian, 0.6% from some other race (non-Hispanic) and 1.2% of two or more races (non-Hispanic). 53.5% of Bronx's population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (they may be of any race).
Demographics from the 2000 Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,332,650 people, 463,212 households, and 314,984 families residing in the borough of Bronx in New York City. The population density was 12,242.2/km² (31,709.3/mi²). There were 490,659 housing units at an average density of 4,507.4/km² (11,674.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the borough was 35.64% Black or African American, 29.87% White, 0.85% Native American, 3.01% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 24.74% from other races, and 5.78% from two or more races. 48.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.5% of the population were whites, not of Hispanic origins. Bronx has the largest number of Puerto Ricans of any county in the United States. It also has one of the highest percentages of Dominicans in the U.S. with 14.5%.
Based on sample data from the same census, the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that 47.29% of the population 5 and older speak only English at home. 43.67% speak Spanish at home, either exclusively or along with English. Other languages or groups of languages spoken at home by more than 0.25% of the population of Bronx include Italian (1.36%), Kru, Ibo, or Yoruba (3.07%), French/French Creole (2.72%), and Albanian (2.54%). There were 463,212 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.4% were married couples living together, 30.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the borough the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and older, there were 80.7 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $27,611, and the median income for a family was $30,682. Males had a median income of $31,178 versus $29,429 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $13,959. About 28.0% of families and 30.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.5% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over.
Out of all five boroughs, Bronx has the lowest number and percentage of white residents. At the 2009 American Community Survey, Whites, of both Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin, represented 24.4% of the population, while non-Hispanic Whites made 12.1% of the population. The 2010 Census puts the percentage of non-Hispanic Whites at 10.9% of the population.
The number of non-Hispanic Whites in Bronx has been shrinking for decades. People of Irish descent number over 35,500 individuals and make up 2.6% of the population. German Americans and Polish Americans make up 1.4% and 0.8% of the population respectively.
Some main European ancestries of Bronx residents, 2000 (percentage of total borough population):
Black and African American population
At the 2009 American Community Survey, Black people represented 37.5% of the population, with 30.8% being non-Hispanic Black people. Over 526,200 black people reside in the borough, of which 419,600 are non-Hispanic black people. Over 61,000 people identified themselves as "Sub-Saharan African" in the survey, making up 4.4% of the population. Those whose ancestors have been in the United States since before the end of slavery are one group. Another is those of Caribbean ancestry. Colin Powell, a son of Jamaican immigrants, grew up in Bronx. Some people have ancestries from both these groups, and like most African-American communities many people in both these groups have European and Native American ancestry as well. A third group, that is actually more internally diverse than these other two is African immigrants. They hail primarily from West Africa. There is also a small East African/Ethiopian population, mostly in and around Parkchester. The largest numbers come from Nigeria, but other nations such as Liberia, Ghana, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast, to name just a few, have contributed to this population.
Native American population
Native Americans are a very small minority in the borough. Only some 5,560 individuals (out of the borough's 1.4 million people) are Native American, which is equal to just 0.4% of the population. In addition, roughly 2,500 people are Native Americans of non-Hispanic origin.
Asians are a small but sizable minority in the borough. At the 2009 American Community Survey 3.8% of Bronx's population was Asian.
Although having fewer Asians than other borough of New York, there are some Asian groups more numerous in Bronx than elsewhere in the city. In 2000 Bronx had the most Cambodians, the only New York borough with over 1000 Cambodians, they numbered 1366 in Bronx. Asian Indians were Bronx's most numerous Asian group, numbering 19305. There were 7628 Chinese in the borough, and 5446 Filipinos. Koreans numbered 4076. The total for Vietnamese was 3289 while Bangladeshis were counted at 2442. The only other Asian group numbering over 1000 in the city was the 1727 Pakistanis.
People identifying multiracial heritage are also a sizable minority in Bronx, numbering over 41,800 individuals and represent 3.0% of the population. People of mixed Caucasian and African American heritage number over 6,850 members and form 0.5% of the population. People of mixed Caucasian and Native American heritage number over 2,450 members and form 0.2% of the population. People of mixed Caucasian and Asian heritage number over 880 members and form 0.1% of the population. People of mixed African American and Native American heritage number over 1,220 members and form 0.1% of the population.
Hispanics and Latino population
Bronx is the only New York borough with a Hispanic majority. At the 2010 Census, 53.5% of Bronx's population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (they may be of any race). At the 2009 American Community Survey, Puerto Ricans represented 23.2% of the borough's population, Mexicans made 5.2%. In 2005, more than 200,000 Dominicans called Bronx home, other Hispanic as Salvadorans and Ecuadorians call also Bronx home and in 2000 Dominicans made 14.5% of Bronx population.
As of 2010, 46.29% (584,463) of Bronx residents age 5 and older spoke Spanish at home as a primary language, while 44.02% (555,767) spoke English, 2.48% (31,361) African languages, 0.91% (11,455) French, 0.90% (111,355) Italian, 0.87% (10,946) various Indic languages, 0.70% (8,836) other Indo-European languages, and Chinese was spoken as a main language by 0.50% (6,610) of the population over the age of five. In total, 55.98% (706,783) of Bronx's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.
At the 2009 American Community Survey, 31.9% of Bronx's population was foreign born and another 8.5% was born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s).
|Bronx residents born abroad or overseas, 1930 and 2000|
|1930 United States Census||2000 United States Census|
|Total population of Bronx||1,265,258||Total population of Bronx||1,332,650|
|All born abroad or overseas ‡||524,410||39.4%|
|Foreign-born Whites||477,342||37.7%||All foreign-born||385,827||29.0%|
|White persons born in Russia||135,210||10.7%||Dominican Republic||124,032||9.3%|
|White persons born in Italy||67,732||5.4%||Jamaica||51,120||3.8%|
|White persons born in Poland||55,969||4.4%||Mexico||20,962||1.6%|
|White persons born in Germany||43,349||3.4%||Guyana||14,868||1.1%|
|White persons born in the Irish Free State †||34,538||2.7%||Ecuador||14,800||1.1%|
|Other foreign birthplaces of Whites||140,544||11.1%||Other foreign birthplaces||160,045||12.0%|
|† the 26 counties now within the Republic of Ireland||‡ beyond the 50 states & District of Columbia|
Latest data from the US Census Bureau could be found here.